Recent studies have focused public attention on the epidemic in childhood overweight in the United States. A consensus has emerged that childhood obesity threatens the health status of children now and in the future. The following sections provide basic information on the problem, prevention strategies and related issues.

School Nurses, School-Based Health Centers and Childhood Overweight Meeting Page 

School Nurses, School-Based Health Centers and Childhood Overweight: A report from a roundtable meeting to explore the role of school health professionals in preventing childhood overweight

Childhood Overweight: A Select Bibliography – October 2006


Overweight & Nutrition

Background

American Heart Association.
Obesity and Overweight in Children. 2002.
www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4670

American Obesity Association.
Childhood Obesity. 2002.
www.obesity.org/subs/childhood/prevention.shtml

CDC. Overweight and Obesity.
Includes information about definitions, trends, consequences, FAQs, and more. 2002.
www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/index.htm

Center for Health and Health Care in Schools
Infocus: Body Mass Index for Children

Flegal, Katherine M. and Richard P. Troiano.
Causes and Health Consequences of Obesity in Children and Adolescents.
Overweight Children and Adolescents: Description, Epidemiology, and Demographics. Pediatrics Supplement. Abstract. Full text available.1998.
www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/3/S1/497

Hunger: Its Impact on Children’s Health and Mental Health. 2002.
www.ers.usda.gov/publications/erselsewhere/eejs0223/eejs0223.pdf

In School – Universal and targeted approaches to healthier eating and fewer ’empty’ calories.

Universal approaches
Center for Science in the Public Interest.
A Guide to Improving School Foods & Beverages.
www.cspinet.org/schoolfood/

American Obesity Association.
Creating a Healthy Eating Environment in Schools. 2002.
www.obesity.org/subs/childhood/prevention.shtml

National Association of State Boards of Education.
Fit, Healthy, and Ready to Learn. Sample School Nutrition Policies.
www.nasbe.org/HealthySchools/healthy_eating.html

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Food and Nutrition Service.
Foods Sold in Competition with USDA School Meal Programs. Impact on Nutrition Intake of Children at School. A Report to Congress. Shirley R. Watkins. Under Secretary Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services. 2001.
www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Lunch/competitvefoods/competitive.foods.report.to.congress.htm

U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Food and Nutrition Service. State Competitive Food Policies. 2001.
www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Lunch/competitvefoods/Competitive.foods.report.to.congress.htm

Targeted strategies

National Association of School Psychologists.
Obesity Prevention in Children: Strategies for Parents and School Personnel. 2004.
www.nasponline.org/communications/spawareness/obesity_ho.pdf

Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M.
Recommendations from Overweight Youth Regarding School-Based Weight Control Programs.
Journal of School Health, December 1997; 428-433.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/query.fcgi?
cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=9503349&dopt=Abstract

Government Reports & Resources

Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Guidelines for School Health Programs to Promote Lifelong Healthy Eating. June 1996; 45(9): 1-33. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00042446.htm

National Institutes of Health.
Weight-control Information Network. 2003.
www.niddk.nih.gov/helath/nutrit/nutrit.htm

North Carolina Healthy Weight Initiative. 2003.
www.nchealthyweight.com

U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Food and Nutrition Information Center.
Food Guide Pyramid. 2003.
www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/Fpyr/pyramid.html

U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Food and Nutrition Service.
School Lunch Program Home Page. 2002.
www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Lunch/default.htm

U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Food and Nutrition Service.
School Breakfast Program Home Page. 2002.
www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Breakfast/default.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
National Center for Health Statistics.
Health E Stats – Prevalence of Overweight Among Children. 1999.
www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/hestats/overwght99.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
Guidelines for Schools & Community Health Programs:
Promoting Lifelong Healthy Eating. 2002.
www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/healthtopics/index.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
School Health Index
http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/shi

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
National Center for Health Statistics.
Health E Stats – Prevalence of Overweight Among Children. 1999.
www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/hestats/overwght99.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC
School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS). Nutrition.
www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dash/shpps/index.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Education.
The Surgeon General’s Call To Action To Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity. Overweight in Children and Adolescents. 1999.
www.surgeongeneral.gov/topics/obesity/calltoaction/fact_adolescents.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Food and Nutrition Information Center.
Childhood Obesity: A Food and Nutrition Resource List for Educators and Researchers. 2000.
www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/pubs/bibs/topics/weight/childhoodobesity.html
Physical Exercise

Background

American Academy of Pediatrics.
Benefits of Physical Activity. 2000.
www.medem.com/MedLB/article_detaillb.cfm?
article_ID=ZZZCSE23B7C&sub_cat=405

American Heart Association.
Exercise and Children. Scientific Position. 2003.
www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4596

Bright Futures.
Appropriate Physical Activity for Children. Executive Summary. 2001.
www.brightfutures.org/physicalactivity/tools/c.html

Maternal and Child Health Library.
Knowledge Path: Physical Activity and Children and Adolescents. An Overview. 2002.
www.mchlibrary.info/KnowledgePaths/kp_phys_activity.html

National Association for Sport and Physical Education.
Useful for parents of school-age children, coaches, and PE teachers. http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/template.cfm

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

The Shape We’re In newspaper series.
Resources for increasing physical activity in your community.
http://www.rwjf.org/newsroom/featureDetail.jsp?featureID=457&type=2

Active Living Network.
Funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, this Network is a coalition that aims to create safe environments that support physical activity.
http://www.activeliving.org

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Healthier US.gov. 2002. Information for a new government initiative sponsored by the Bush Administration.
www.healthierus.gov/exercise.html

In School

ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education. Recess in Elementary School: What does the Research Say? Olga S. Jarret. EDO-PS_02-5. July 2002.www.ericdigests.org/2003-2/recess.htm

ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education. Promoting Physical Activity and Exercise Among Children. An ERIC Digest. 1998. www.ericdigests.org/1998-2/exercise.htm

KidsWalk-to-School Program. The KidsWalk-to-School Program features information on how to organize community programs to get children to walk or bike to school. www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/kidswalk/pdf/kidswalk_programs_3_31_06.pdf

National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Public Attitudes towards Physical Education. Are Schools Providing What the Public Wants? 2000. www.aahperd.org/naspe/pdf_files/whatsnew-survey.pdf

National Association of State Boards of Education.
Fit, Healthy, and Ready to Learn. Sample School Policies to Promote Physical Activity.
www.nasbe.org/HealthySchools/physical_activity.html

School-based approaches to better diet and more physical activity

Gortmaker, SL et al.
Planet Health: Reducing obesity via school-based interdisciplinary intervention amony youth. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. April 1999. 153:409-418.
http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/153/4/409

Gortmaker, SL et al.
Eat Well and Keep Moving: Impact of School-Based Interdisciplinary Intervention on Diet and Physical Activity Among Urban Primary School Children.Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. September 1999. 153: 975-983.
http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/153/9/975

Government Reports & Resources

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
Guidelines for School and Community Programs to Promote Lifelong Physical Activity Among Young People. 1997.
www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00046823.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Education.
Surgeon General’s Report: Promoting Better Health for Young People through Physical Activity and Sports. A Report to the President From the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Education. 2000.
www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/physicalactivity/promoting_health/

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
School Health Policies and Program Study (SHPPS). Physical Exercise
www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/shpps/index.htm

Laws and Policies

California Center for Public Health Advocacy.
Gives examples of how California activist have originated the approach of using specific local data on children’s obesity and diabetes risk as a lobbying tool.
http://www.publichealthadvocacy.org

Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
Database that lists state legislative initiatives on nutrition and physical activity.
http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/DNPALeg/

Health Policy Tracking Service.
In 2004, the Health Policy Tracking Service noted a considerable increase in the amount of legislation introduced regarding nutrition, obesity, and physical activity. This year-end report provides a recap of significant state initiatives . The main focus during 2004 was to prevent obesity among children by setting nutritional standards for food and beverage items sold through vending machines.
http://www.rwjf.org/research/researchdetail.jsp?id=1257&ia=138

National Conference of State Legislatures.
Database that is useful for looking up state legislation on health topics.
http://www.ncsl.org/programs/health/childhoodobesity.htm