With new research and medical advances, young people with diabetes have a brighter and healthier future. Schools can help students check and maintain appropriate blood sugar levels as well as educate school staff about the importance of effective diabetes management during the school day. School staff and students can help prevent or delay diabetes-related complications with the correct information and tools. Additional information from the experts is available below.
FIVE FAST DIABETES FACTS
From the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse
A service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), NIH
|Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas no longer makes insulin because the body’s immune system has attacked and destroyed the cells that produce insulin. Insulin is essential to the body because it delivers sugar in the blood to the cells of the body so that the cells can use the sugar as fuel. To survive people with type 1 diabetes must receive insulin by injection or a pump. Treatments also include eating the right foods, exercising regularly, taking aspirin daily (for some), and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol. For more information, visit www.diabetes.org/type-1-diabetes.jsp|
|Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition one step away from diabetes in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, the pancreas loses its ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. Treatment includes using diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, taking aspirin daily, and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol. For more information, visit www.diabetes.org/type-2-diabetes.jsp|
From the American Diabetes Association
The National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) and the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) have posted guidelines to help schools help students manage their diabetes. The following points are adapted from that guidance.
Help for kids and parents
American Diabetes Association. Wisdom Kit for Kids and Parents.
Help for school staff
National Diabetes Program. www.ndep.nih.gov
Helping the Student with Diabetes Succeed: A Guide for School Personnel.
NASN. Position Statement: School Nurse Role in Care and Management of the Child with Diabetes in the School Setting. Adopted November 2001.
Help with research and background information
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Diabetes Public Health Resource.
Maternal and Child Health Library. Knowledge Path: Diabetes in Children and Adolescents.
American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE)
Help in other languages
Diabetes Prevention Series. [Spanish version]
Information for communities with higher risk of type 2 diabetes